Alta Audio Hestia Titanium loudspeaker

Phrases like high fidelity and perfectionist audio suggest a central norm to which all things audio should aspire. Not a bad idea, in some ways, but if you look at the wide variety of loudspeakers out there that people love, from the old-school Auditorium 23s to the high-tech KEFs and Vivids, it can be hard to figure out what they all have in common.

While I like the idea of objective standards, I also like that high-end audio has room for a variety of approaches—specific aural embodiments of excellence—each striking its own balance between personal (sometimes idiosyncratic) vision and eternal verities, including scientific verities. Getting the technology right matters, but there's plenty of room for creativity.

Alta Audio's Hestia Titanium loudspeaker ($32,000/pair), which I had in my home during late summer and early fall of 2017, is a fine example of a loudspeaker for which one designer used some interesting technology and a bit of innovation in the service of his personal vision of sound.

Hestia who?
Hestia is a goddess from Greek mythology, first-born sister to such better-known deities as Hades, Poseidon, Hera, and Zeus. Hestia's father, the Titan Cronus, ate his children as they were born—all but Zeus, who later overthrew the Titans and forced Cronus to disgorge Zeus's siblings. Hestia was the last cookie to be tossed, so she is, metaphorically, Cronus's oldest and youngest child. She gave up her place in the Olympian Pantheon to Dionysus, god of wine, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, etc., so that she could tend the hearth. Hestia is, above all, grounded, rooted in the verities. She is central.

The loudspeaker named for her, the Hestia Titanium, designed by Alta CEO Michael Levy, is imposing but not huge: 53¾" tall and 135 lbs. The solid parts—baffle and bass cabinet—are wrought from a seemingly inert, multilayer epoxy material called DampHard. They come in one color, basic black, with a piano-like gloss.


The name Titanium comes from the metal, known for its light weight, strength, and stiffness—the metal itself was named for the Titans overthrown by Zeus. In audio, titanium is commonly used in tweeters, but the titanium in the Hestia is found in the drivers' coil bobbins, aka formers—the cylinders the coils' wire is coiled around to generate the magnetic fields that bounce the cones and make music. Formers need to be stiff and light, hence titanium. They also need to not get too hot. Morel, the company that makes the woofer and upper-midrange driver used in the Hestia, claims that eddy currents form less readily in titanium than in aluminum, another common bobbin material, because of titanium's lower conductivity: more efficiency means less generation of heat. The physicist in me isn't convinced, but in any case, Morel says that titanium formers make a driver sound "crisper," though

Those drivers are mounted in what Levy calls a Dipolito configuration—a play on words meant to convey that the Hestia's driver arrangement has much in common with the well-known d'Appolito configuration, and that its open-baffle-mounted midrange drivers act as dipoles.

Levy told me that dipole speakers, including open-baffle designs, "have the advantage that their rear wave mimics a coherent soundwave moving in one direction, because it is in reverse phase to the front output and emanates from the same position. I have always liked the huge soundstage that you get because of that." (footnote 1).

In a conventional d'Appolito design, symmetric midrange drivers offset each other's destructive interference with the tweeter off axis, ensuring smoother vertical dispersion near the crossover frequency. The Hestia's Dipolito topology riffs on that theme, placing one 6" upper-midrange driver above the tweeter—a "specially modified version of [Serbian manufacturer] RAAL's OEM ribbon," Levy said—and two 7" lower-midrange drivers sourced from Dayton Audio below it, the bottom pair matching the top one in frequency response and output, he told me. The advantage over the standard d'Appolito configuration, Levy said, is that the large combined surface area of two 7" cones permits smoother, better matching to the 10" woofer near the low-frequency crossover.

Levy believes—and my listening to the Hestia mostly supports this—that frequencies from the midrange down establish the acoustical context within which precise aural images are spun. "Since our brains always work toward maximum efficiency," he told me, "they use the mid-frequencies to define the space, and the higher frequencies to detail what is in it. The lowest frequencies, which are both heard and felt, are used for sizing." The Hestia's asymmetrical crossover "brings in the tweeter at 24dB/octave while gently rolling off the midrange at 6dB/octave from approximately 2.25kHz, and was ear-tuned to meld the space-defining part of our hearing with the positioning, detail, and sizing part of our hearing." The Hestia's transmission-line woofer "uses a symmetrical 12dB/octave crossover at approximately 165Hz, and gives the bass information for us to hear and feel the size and weight of the source of the sound."

Levy doesn't stuff his cabinets with soft, fuzzy stuff, he says, because he thinks it makes speakers sound stuffed and fuzzy.

If it sounds as if Levy put a lot of thought and work into imaging and the accurate reproduction of the performance venue, well, that was my impression, too.

My listening room is big—its largest dimensions are 30' by 24'—but irregularly shaped and multifunction; there are limitations on where big speakers can go, and each Titanium Hesta is bigger, with more and deeper bass, than any other speakers I've had in this room. I had to work harder than usual to position them and mitigate the inevitable room-related problems. And because the Hestias are awkwardly shaped, this was considerable physical labor.

Acclimating new speakers to a space, or vice versa, always means moving them around, but usually the moves I make are small. I moved the 135-lb Hestia Titaniums several times by several feet or more. I even moved them from one side of the room to the other, and back again. Eventually, I decided that they sounded best not far from their starting points. From there I made smaller moves, then even smaller moves—an inch this way, another degree of toe-in—until I thought the sound was at its best.


As usual with full-range speakers, the crucial factor was bass. If the Hestias weren't properly positioned, their bass could overwhelm: too near a wall, and I experienced room gain at the lowest frequencies. Room modes—those pesky peaks and valleys—were readily excited. Because it's big, this room has four resonant modes below 40Hz, the lowest at 17Hz. Modes so low are beyond the reach of most speakers, but the Hestias excited them easily. However, the biggest problem in this room is a cluster of modes between 60 and 70Hz.

No matter where I put the Hestias, they carved out an impressive sonic space, but certain positions enlarged the soundstage and clarified the images. When I got it right, a vague impression of the recording venue was replaced by a detailed architectural portrait in sound. With some recordings made in churches, I imagined I could hear where the columns were. Maybe I actually could.

Toe-in mattered. I began with the Hestias toed in by perhaps 20°—definitely angled, but with the speakers' inner side panels still easily visible from the listening seat. I settled on just a hint of toe-in, the Hestias firing almost straight ahead. Ironically, the sound felt more intimate when the Hestias were looking past me; that configuration gave what sounded like a smoother frequency response, with a bit more midrange energy.

Something about the Hestias' sound made me sit up straighter in my listening chair. When visitors listened to them, I noticed that they tended to stand, or sit farther back in the room. I came to feel that the midrange was slightly recessed when I sat significantly below the tweeter axis. Another small, apparent irony: Sitting precisely at the level of the two 7" lower-midrange drivers seemed to suppress the midrange. I'm eager to see if John Atkinson's measurements support this observation (footnote 2).

As it turned out, this problem of listening height was not so easy to solve. When I sit in my listening chair, my ears are just 34" above the floor—a solid foot below the Hestia's tweeter axis, the sweet spot for any d'Appolito array. I needed either to raise my ears or tilt the speakers forward. My ears are attached to my head, so I preferred the second option.

Some trigonometry told me I needed to tilt the Hestias forward by about 5.5°, but the provided spikes didn't offer that much tilt. I moved a bar stool over, but it was too tall—and who wants to listen to music while sitting on a bar stool, except at a bar? I experimented with wooden Jenga blocks under each speaker's rear edge. Fine, but . . . Jenga blocks with $32,000/pair speakers?

Footnote 1: But can this configuration possibly work? In the Hestia Titanium variant, the outputs of the two lower-midrange drivers will interfere with each other, with that of the top midrange driver, and with that of the tweeter. The resulting four-way interference will be complex indeed. Levy told me that the crossover between the midrange and the tweeter is asymmetric, the tweeter coming in much faster than the midrange fades out. That asymmetry adds complexity. To get it all to work together to minimize off-axis tweeter/midrange cancellation would require engineering so delicate that I'm not sure it's even possible. I don't doubt Levy obtains some benefit from his quasi-d'Appolito design, but I'm skeptical.

Footnote 2: I've mentioned my skepticism about the Hestia's Dipolito/d'Appolito riff—but even an orthodox d'Appolito configuration can have off-axis cancellation well down in the midrange. For the deep technical stuff, check out this free version of an AES paper that addresses this issue: here.

Alta Audio
139 Southdown Road
Huntington, NY 11743
(631) 424-5958

dalethorn's picture

"....the bassoon that enters 13 minutes into the first movement of the Shostakovich: it's positioned in space with far greater precision than the wavelength of the fundamental tone would allow."

There are a few things where I find it useful to focus on a fundamental or a harmonic, but the whole tone and how it interacts with the room is the final arbiter for so many things.

spacehound's picture

I'm not at all sceptical about his 'titanium' stuff, but these speakers have far too many drivers to ever sound coherent.

It's the inevitable consequence of putting enough stuff in to make it appear to people with more money that sense that they are worth 32,000 dollars.

(And it always amuses me that so many go on about 'space' around the speakers yet so many buy big and expensive floorstanders where there is no 'space' at all above what is often the most reflective and resonant part of the room.)

Michael Levy's picture

While I agree that melding multiple drivers is not an easy task, the reviewers agree that the Hestia Titanium does just that, or to quote Jim Austin from this review: "When I listened to a live version of "Corcovado," from disc 3 of Stan Getz's The Girl from Ipanema: The Bossa Nova Years (4 CDs, Verve 823 611-2), singer Astrud Gilberto stood on a stage, a few feet up from where I sat in the fourth or fifth row. Getz and his tenor sax were on the same level, farther back and slightly to the right. João Gilberto was on Astrud's right, just inside the left speaker, obviously seated, his guitar in his hands. He was human-sized, and his voice emerged from a spot maybe 18" above the sound of his guitar—as it would in an unamplified live performance. Astounding.

otaku's picture

I heard the Alta Audio FRM-2 bookshelf speakers at the Brooklyn show in 2014 and was very impressed. Maybe bigger is not always better.

Michael Levy's picture

Our speakers are designed to match the room in which they are played. The Celesta FRM-2s are designed for moderate sized rooms, such as those that would be found in a Manhattan apartment, the Hestia Titaniums favor larger rooms. they both create an accurate representation of the space where the original recording was recorded, with the Hestias more able to portray the full grandeur of that space.

mtrot's picture

What speaker terminal jumpers appear in the picture? Thanks.

Michael Levy's picture

We provide AntiCables jumpers with the Hestia Titanium Speakers

eriks's picture

What a funny review of a funny speaker. Let me touch on one of many things stated which made me giggle:

"Levy told me that the crossover between the midrange and the tweeter is asymmetric, the tweeter coming in much faster than the midrange fades out. That asymmetry adds complexity."

Asymmetrical in this sense means that the poles, or order of the crossover is not the same on the low pass as the high pass section. This is quite typical in flat-baffle designs. This doesn't add any complexity at all and is often necessary for proper phase and amplitude matching between drivers. The designer in this case seems to have only had partial success.

The "dipolito" is a sad riff indeed. This is no such thing. While D'Appolito designs may have asymmetrical (2nd and 3rd order for example) crossovers the good doctor is very much aware that higher order filters minimize lobing and interference. Using a first order low pass filter on the mids is why you have the big dip when vertically off-axis at 1 kHz.

On the positive side, cutting off 6-7" mid-woofers at 1 kHz will prevent the comb filtering / interference effect you were concerned about. They should play as a single surface, or rather, they should _if_ they were the same make and model of driver, but they aren't. This speaker really is an endless garden of delight when it comes to curiosities.



Michael Levy's picture

Do you consider this only partially successful? Quote Jim Austin: When I listened to a live version of "Corcovado," from disc 3 of Stan Getz's The Girl from Ipanema: The Bossa Nova Years (4 CDs, Verve 823 611-2), singer Astrud Gilberto stood on a stage, a few feet up from where I sat in the fourth or fifth row. Getz and his tenor sax were on the same level, farther back and slightly to the right. João Gilberto was on Astrud's right, just inside the left speaker, obviously seated, his guitar in his hands. He was human-sized, and his voice emerged from a spot maybe 18" above the sound of his guitar—as it would in an unamplified live performance. Astounding. or It's a Saturday, after midnight, and I'm listening to Steely Dan's Aja, remembering Walter Becker, who died a few weeks ago. These extraordinary musicians—Steve Gadd, Joe Sample, Larry Carlton, Lee Ritenour, Wayne Shorter, plus the core Steely Dan crew—are arrayed across my living room and beyond its walls, their instruments like orchestra sections. I've never heard this recording with such depth, weight, and relaxed separation.
Read more at , or Steve Guttenberg on U tube, I heard one of the best systems of my life last night

eriks's picture

I think you misunderstand.

Only in a very narrow context did I consider this speaker design any sort of success. I said: "is often necessary for proper phase and amplitude matching between drivers. The designer in this case seems to have only had partial success."

As for the rest, to paraphrase Tim Gunn, "If that's what you like, you should buy more of it."


Michael Levy's picture

No, I think you misunderstand. The measure of a speaker is in the listening. Anyone who has ever constructed a technically perfect speaker knows this. They sound like crap. The only way to properly design a speaker is through a beta test group as we did. The members of the group included a Grammy awarded recording engineer, a symphony conductor, several reviewers, and a few fellow audio design engineers. They were tasked to compare the sound to live natural music. The process took over two years. That is what resulted in the comments I quoted from Jim Austin in this review, but as Steve Guttenberg's post shows, his was not the only one. It is a naive designer who thinks that the proof of his design is in the measurements. They are at best a guide.

ksigman's picture

My reference speakers are Alta Audio FRM2 Celesta; a 2-driver model that works beautifully with my space which is a (small) 100+ year-old apartment in NYC. Would I jump up without hesitation to these extraordinary larger (Titanium), meant for a larger space--but with the same essential qualities that I adore in the FRM2--if I had a larger space? Absolutely. I have heard them in various venues (spaces), many times, and with various supporting equipment, including my own amplifiers, and with my own personal supply of music. I have heard them in Levy's house, others' houses, at shows and (the best so far), at the Rhapsody Audio show room in NYC. Give them a listen. The soundstage and imaging is truly extraordinary--to my ears. There are no perfect speakers sound-wise (Holy Grail?) and we all have our own personal preferences as to what that might be, and it can't be based only on measurements or preconceived ideas about what a proper design should be.

Timbo in Oz's picture

Q. If QUAD's successors in China can give us essentially perfect speakers for 1/2 to 1/3rd this one's price?

Why does this one cost so much?

A. Greed! and BBB aka 'bullshit baffles brains'.

Since the late 1970s I've owned a pair of 2-way spheres which are almost as good as 57s or 63s and the cost me less than $900 to buy and a bit more to position correctly.

They go lower and play louder than 57s.

Money and display?!

98, 99, 100, ... change hands 101, 102.

Are ANY of you interested in music at all?!!!


TIA folks.

Timbo in Oz